The Department of Neurosurgery at Karolinska University Hospital has an extensive national and international collaboration network in the areas of basic science, education and advanced neurosurgical procedures. We provide world-class neurosurgery hospital care for adult patients.
Karolinska University Hospital's neurosurgery clinic has a proud history. It was established in 1932 by professor Herbert Olivecrona who was a pioneer in modern neurosurgery. More than 30 years later Professor Lars Leksell and Radiobiologist Börje Larsson invented the gamma knife after developing the concept of radiosurgery. Today neurosurgery comprises the entire neurosurgical field.
Gamma Knife Surgery (tumors, vascular malformations, trigeminal neuralgia)
The Leksell Gamma Knife, which originates from Karolinska, is now being used in hundreds of clinics around the world. The Gamma Knife is used where traditional brain surgery is not an option. Gamma Knife surgery does not require a surgical incision, thereby avoiding surgical or anesthesiological complications. Gamma Knife treatment is used effectively on brain tumors, vascular malformations and trigeminal neuralgia. The ultra-modern Gamma Knife Icon at Karolinska University Hospital is the sixth generation of the Leksell Gamma Knife technology. This is a very sensitive radiosurgery device with precise techno¬logy that automatically shapes and moves the beams to best conform to the target. The shape and dose of the radiation is optimized to focus on the target, sparing the surrounding healthy tissue, i e the patient receives a high dose of radiation focused precisely on the lesion resulting in an effective and safe treatment.
Tumors (meningiomas, vestibular schwannomas, gliomas)
This is one of the major patient groups treated within the area of neurosurgery at Karolinska University Hospital. Patients are offered a broad range of therapies and neurosurgical interventions to treat the tumors in a highly advanced manner, including Gamma Knife surgery. When required, the neurosurgical team cooperates closely with the oncology department.
Vascular Neurosurgery (aneurysms, AVM, cavernomas)
This area includes patients with all kinds of vascular malformations. The malformation can be treated in several ways, including open surgery, endovascular treatment, microsurgery and Gamma Knife surgery. The decision regarding treatment is always based on knowledge of the malformation's size, place and the patient's symptoms and overall health.
Neurotrauma (traumatic brain and spinal cord injury)
Neurotrauma is included in the emergency medical services area. If neurosurgery is required where there has been a traumatic injury to the brain or spinal cord, Karolinska University Hospital has all the necessary skills and the most advanced technical equipment at their disposal.
Functional Neurosurgery (deep brain stimulation)
This field involves patients suffering from pain, epilepsy and movement-related disorders such as Parkinson's disease. One of the techniques offered is known as DBS (deep brain stimulation). During the procedure, the surgeon will implant DBS electrodes in selected areas of the brain that influence the patient's condition. This is done using advanced navigation technology.
Spinal Surgery (disc herniation, other degenerative events)
Karolinska University Hospital has quite a reputation when it comes to medical conditions emanating from the spine. Besides surgeons and specialist nurses the multidisciplinary team includes physiotherapists and occupational therapists. The clinic offers:
• Invasive discectomies to remove herniated discs,
• Invasive spinal fusions
• Surgery for spinal tumors and spinal trauma
• Advanced pain management, including psychological methods with strong evidence
The clinic is on the cutting edge in research regarding stem cell therapy for spinal cord injuries. In the future we hope to be able to offer treatment with stem cell therapy to international patients.